The Fédération Cynologique Internationale is the World Canine Organisation. It includes 78 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI makes sure that the pedigrees and judges are mutually recognized by all the FCI members.
The FCI recognizes 331 breeds. Each of them is the "property" of a specific country. The "owner" countries of the breeds write the standard of these breeds (description of the ideal type of the breed), in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI.
These standards are in fact the reference on which the judges base themselves when judging in shows held in the FCI member countries.
Every member country conducts international shows as well as working trials. The results are sent to the FCI office where they are input into computers. When a dog has been awarded a certain number of awards, it can receive the title of International Beauty or Working Champion. These titles are confirmed by the FCI.
In addition, via the national canine organization and the FCI, every breeder can ask for international protection of his/her kennel name.